November 02, 2017

Modafinil Buying Guide

Modafinil Buying Guide
Photo: Joe Neric | Unsplash

Find out the Best Place to Buy Modafinil Online, what to look out for when buying, how it can Enhance your Mental and Physical Abilities and more.

To some extent, we all want to be better. Whether it be better at school, at work, or at sports. Why? Because we want better grades so we can get into prestigious schools that open us up to more career opportunities. Because we want to be awarded higher positions in our workplace which come with a higher salary and more benefits. And, because we want to breakthrough our athletic limitations and perform at a higher level. Whatever being better might mean to you, there is one thing people are looking for and it’s how to get there. If you are looking to give yourself a competitive advantage, Modafinil might be for you. People including the military, students, athletes, and working professionals buy Modafinil to help give them the mental boost they need to get the results they want. Here are some of the reasons why modafinil is so popular.
  • Improves cognitive functioning
  • Aids working memory
  • Boosts mental focus
  • Increases mental awareness
  • Reduces fatigue
As a derivative of Adrafinil, the ground-breaking stimulant has proven to be more effective, provide greater benefits, and have long-term efficacy. Studies have also shown Modafinil is more superior in its ability to react faster and be more bioavailable when needed. For instance, it can be useful to those with jobs requiring them to remain active and alert during the night. For example, shift workers. Or for people who travel overseas and often work in.

What is Modafinil

Modafinil (MODAVIGIL®), the active ingredient for PROVIGIL, is a powerful performance-enhancing drug. It is a racemic compound and its chemical name is:

“2-[(diphenylmethyl)sulfinyl] acetamide”

Modafinil is a white to off-white, crystalline powder that is packaged in tablet form. It is taken orally and is practically insoluble in water. While it is a popular Smart Drug, it is mainly prescribed as a wakefulness-promoting agent. Modafinil was originally designed as a stimulant to treat hypersomnia and narcolepsy. Conditions such as those associated with Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS), sleep paralysis, and excessive tiredness. Modafinil’s ability to prevent fatigue and sleepiness, however, is only a few of its many benefits.

In addition to treating sleep disorders, extensive research and testing indicate Modafinil also offers an impressive list of cognitive benefits. These include; increased mental functioning, improved memory, motivation boosts, reduced fatigue, faster reaction time, and enhanced mood. Are you a coffee or energy drinker? Then, think of Modafinil providing the same effects only stronger and longer lasting. While its off-label use has increased significantly over recent years, it is still generally regarded as a prescription drug. Typically, Modafinil is most known to come under the labels of Modalert (Sun Pharma), Modvigil (HAB Pharma), Modapro, Alertec, and Provigil.

The molecular formula of Modafinil is C15H15NO2S.

One of the most common questions people ask is whether Modafinil is a narcotic. While much debate has been made about its classification, according to the FDA (Food and Drug Administration), Modafinil is considered a Schedule IV narcotic categorizing it for low abuse potential. This means, as a class of narcotic, it is generally regarded as a controlled substance and is usually sold on prescription.

How Modafinil Came to Be

Michael Jouvet
Michael Jouvet
Modafinil was originally created in the 1970s by a French medical professor by the name of Michel Jouvet. It wasn’t until sixteen years later, however, that Modafinil was first trialed as an experimental drug for Narcolepsy. A condition which causes people to involuntarily faint and fall into deep sleep throughout the day. According to the National Sleep Foundation, a sleep disorder which affects approximately 1 in 2,000 people. In 1986, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), approved for Modafinil to be used as an experimental treatment for narcolepsy. Since then, its effective uses have expanded over the years to treat several other sleep and fatigue-related disorders.

Today, based on its proven cognitive-enhancing and motivation-boosting benefits, Modafinil has become one of the most popular Nootropics. The military, students, business people, and athletes are some of the many people all over the world who take Modafinil. And, that is to name only a few. Various sources, including the HBR and EurekAlert, suggest the use of smart drugs like Modafinil will continue to rise. Particularly in schools and the workplace.

How Does Modafinil Work?

Modafinil works by selectively activating neurons and primarily focuses on stimulating the brain’s amygdala and the hypothalamus.

The effects of using Modafinil are more or less similar to those associated with other conventional stimulants. Take for example the amphetamine Adderall. Similar to Modafinil, Adderall is a psychostimulant designed to produce short bursts of psychomotor activity (i.e. physical movement, coordination, and dexterity) to help treat narcolepsy and ADHD. What sets Modafinil apart, however, is the unique mechanism of action. Drugs like methylphenidates, amphetamines, and alternative central nervous stimulants induce wakefulness through widespread general neuronal activation. Modafinil, however, works by selectively activating neurons and primarily focuses on stimulating the brain’s amygdala and the hypothalamus. Since Modafinil’s actions are more ‘selective’ and targeted, it provides a relatively longer, smoother and less jittery effect than other stimulants.

While its actual mechanism of action has not yet been fully explored, it is, however, clear that the effect Modafinil has on several significant neurotransmitters is at the core of its potency. Research studies, for example, show Modafinil can modulate the brain’s orexin systems. Meaning it can change the levels of dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, and histamine in your body. The power of Modafinil to make these changes means it is not only highly effective as a eugeroic but also as a cognitive-enhancing nootropic. The following is a brief outline of how Modafinil effects certain functions of the body.


Modafinil elevates the level of glutamate which is the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. It does this by stimulating the extracellular expulsion of glutamate within the brain’s hypothalamus. This simply means as glutamate is largely responsible for sending signals between nerve cells, it plays an important role in brain function such as learning and memory. Since glutamate plays an important role in cognitive functioning, the boost it is given from Modafinil helps to improve brain plasticity, focus, and memory.


The use of modafinil has been shown to facilitate the availability of more Norepinephrine (NE). A stimulant neurotransmitter which promotes alertness and wakefulness. The means through which Modafinil is able to increase the availability of more of this neurotransmitter is not entirely clear. Some research suggests it could be directly related to the action on the dopamine receptors and orexin system. While other research, conducted by Paul Gerrard and Robert Malcolm, suggests that it may be due to the way in which “Modafinil increases cortical GABA through a norepinephrine-mediated pathway.” If accurate, this would mean modafinil helps to increase gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake but does not directly affect it.


Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter that is directly linked to the stimuli/reward response. It’s a chemical released by neurons in the brain which helps to increase focus and motivation and improve mood. Other stimulants and amphetamines directly stimulate the release of dopamine increasing their levels in an amplified and very rapid manner. Modafinil, however, gradually works through what is referred to as ‘blockage’ of the receptors that expel dopamine from the associated synapses. Thus, effectively elevating the levels of dopamine made available for use in the brain somewhat immediately. This indirect and gradual action on the dopamine system is a significant feature that shows how Modafinil works since it reduces the kind or euphoria associated with addiction.


Most of us have heard about histamine in relation to local immune responses and allergies (i.e. hay fever). But, did you know, histamines also perform a significant role with regards to the regulation of the sleep-and-wake cycle? That’s right. The action of Modafinil on the brain’s hypothalamus is what is thought to elevate the levels of histamine. Researchers Brown, Stevens, and Haas support this claim in their research; The Physiology of Brain Histamine. They point out that our histamine levels are “highest during waking and lowest during rapid-eye-movement sleep.” This simply means that a high-level of histamine correlates with a high-level of alertness and vice-versa.

The firing of histamine-releasing neurons, therefore, greatly contributes to our levels of alertness and wakefulness. The effects from the use of Modafinil, however, do tend to wear off. Particularly when the natural neuronal histamine is depleted by an inhibitor that is quite powerful. It runs counter to methylphenidate which reacts in a manner different from the histidine decarboxylase inhibitor—alpha-Fluoromethyl Histidine. If that sounds confusing, just note that too much activation of the histaminergic neurons can cause apoptosis—or cell death. Meaning, while it may increase your intelligence, overuse could be harmful to the health of your brain and body.


Much of the wakefulness-promoting action of Modafinil is attributed to how it acts on the hypocretin, rather orexin system of the brain. Hypocretins are simply neurotransmitters which normally “promote stable wakefulness” according to the Harvard Medical School. Of the billions of neurons in our brain, a relatively small cluster (100,000-200,000) produce hypocretins. These important neurons are situated within the hypothalamus and are responsible for regulating appetite, arousal, and wakefulness. The most common forms of narcolepsy usually result from a lack of hypocretin in the brain. Modafinil addresses this by acting directly stimulating the orexin neurons. As a result, this increases the release of histamines and other neurotransmitters related to alertness and wakefulness.

Why Take Modafinil?

Six of the top reasons why people take Modafinil are:
  1. Improves mental functioning
  2. Increases alertness
  3. Improves impulse control
  4. Provides neuroprotective properties
  5. Has better bioavailability
  6. Has fewer side effects
Below is a brief summary of each explaining the benefits.

Photo by Crown Agency | Unsplash

Improves Mental Functioning

Modafinil helps to improve information processing, problem-solving, decision making, achieve higher forms of thinking, enhance working memory, boost executive function, better mood, and enable quicker reaction times.
Modafinil's ability to quickly and effectively improve cognition is the most popular reason for its off-label use. According to a study conducted by Dean et al, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, improved information processing, problem solving, decision making, achieving higher forms of thinking, enhanced working memory, boosting executive function, better mood, and quicker reaction time are some of the most notable mental benefits Modafinil can have on cognition—even for users who are sleep deprived. To support these claims, recent research has emerged regarding its use on people who are well-rested and don't suffer from sleep disorders.

According to the Journal of European Neuropsychopharmacology researchers, Dr. Ruairidh Battleday and Dr. Anna-Katherine Brem from Oxford and Harvard Medical School found that Modafinil can, in fact, make measurable improvements to cognitive functioning assisting with faculties like executive function and memory consolidation. Furthermore, Modafinil has also proven to be an excellent agent for non-healthy adults who suffer from conditions such as ADHD, cognitive decline, and drug dependence. For people with attention-deficit symptoms, some psychiatrists will prescribe Modafinil as an alternative to people who have reported bad experiences with using amphetamines to treat their conditions.

Increases Alertness

In addition to helping treat people with excessive somnolence, Modafinil is also proven to be highly effective at increasing mental alertness. Particularly with regards to effectively preventing chronic fatigue and daytime sleepiness in excess without disrupting the normal nighttime sleep pattern. According to the Harvard Medical School, this is likely due Modafinil's ability to increase the brain’s level of dopamine. Under normal dosage use (100mg - 200mg per 24 hours), Modafinil can help to improve alertness for approximately eight hours. For example, in a study published by Cochrane, researchers Liira et al found Modafinil to be effective at decreasing sleepiness and increasing alertness among shift workers who experience sleep-wake disturbances.

Improves Impulse Control

The research also suggests that Modafinil can help to limit us from being prone to distractions enabling us to focus more on the task at hand.
One of the interesting debates which has emerged from the use of Modafinil is its effects on impulse control. Does it help with resisting temptation and keeping us from acting on our urges? Some say—Yes. Researchers from the University of Antwerp and University of Minnesota, for instance, argue in favor of the use of Modafinil to help reduce impulsive behavior of Alcohol-Dependent Patients (ADS) and impulsive gamblers. Other research supports this argument stating that the effects of Modafinil are able to achieve these results by improving the response inhibition and find it to be an effective measure for impulse control. Recent studies which support these claims show that people with Impulse Control Disorder (ICD) have been able to successfully recover through the use of Modafinil. Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry suggests that "if you are impulsive, Modafinil may help your self-control."

Provides Neuroprotective Properties

Modafinil can help to promote brain health.
Findings from a 2008 study published by Brain Research, which explores the neuroprotective effects of Modafinil, indicate that Modafinil can actually help to promote brain health. Researchers Van Vliet et al suggests this is largely attributed to the fact that it has antioxidant properties. Chemical agents that help to protect our body from damage caused by free radicals. Modafinil, however, is not an antioxidant. But, it has proven to be capable of reducing the availability of damaging free radicals within the brain tissue. Research conducted by Gerrard and Malcolm, published in the Journal of Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, show that Modafinil’s mechanisms of action have proven antioxidative and neuroprotective effects.

Better Bioavailability

Probably one of the underrated key benefits of Modafinil is its bioavailability. Unlike other smart drugs, Modafinil is proven to be more superior in its ability to be more bioavailable. This means the degree and rate at which Modafinil enters the body’s systematic circulation is greater than many other nootropics.

Modafinil’s bioavailability allows it to better target particular areas and be quickly absorbed through the body’s circulatory system. Due to its fast-acting absorption, according to the EMC, Modafinil’s peak plasma concentrations tend to occur between 2-4 hours. Also worth noting, while taking Modafinil with food has no effect on its bioavailability, it may delay reaching peak concentration by about an hour depending on the solubility of the food taken with it.

Fewer Side Effects

Of the many advantages, Modafinil provides, perhaps the most important is the benefit of having fewer side effects. Especially by comparison to other smart drugs. Besides, what use is a smart drug if it does more harm than good? From the various types of smart drugs I’ve tried, Modafinil has by far had the least side effects, most instances none. The time I did experience the side effects of a headache and anxiousness was when I exceeded the recommended daily dosage.

Although, I think stress and environment also played a part during that time. Naturally, however, some people will experience side effects while others will have none. In fact, studies have found that “Modafinil boosts higher-order cognitive function without causing serious side effects.” Further to having fewer side effects, Modafinil is also known to be better tolerated by the body. This means it has a much lower potential for addiction and abuse by comparison to alternatives such as Adderall.

Where to Buy Modafinil

When I published an earlier version of this post, this section included reviews of several online providers where you can buy Modafinil. I’ve since removed those providers and updated this section due to the following reasons.
  1. Most of the previously reviewed online pharmacies are no longer in business.
  2. I’ve had, let’s say, “less than favorable” experiences with the other providers that turned out to be disappointing and expensive. Therefore, removing them to help you avoid these providers.
  3. The most common question I get asked is: “which provider do you buy Modafinil from?” So, I’ve narrowed it down to who I think is the best Modafinil provider.
A reliable supplier of Modafinil is Afinil Express. In my experience, they offer quality Modafinil at very reasonable prices and offer it from two very reputable pharmaceuticals. They are Modalert (from Sun Pharma) and Modvigil (from HAB Pharma). Sun Pharmaceutical Industries and HAB Pharmaceuticals & Research are both world-leading pharmaceuticals. This is because they both adhere to strict quality control systems and procedures. Meaning you can be assured you are not paying for a poor quality or fake product.

Modalert vs. Modvigil

What is the difference between the two? In my opinion, not much. Both Modalert and Modvigil come in 200mg dosages containing the same active ingredients. While the effects are the same Modalert seems to be the more popular. As the effects vary by individual, you may have to try both to see which works best for you. The only slight difference is in pricing. Generally, per 50 tablets, Modalert tends to be slightly more (c.$1.70 USD) per tablet than Modvigil (c.$1.30 USD). Personally, I use Modalert as I’ve found its effects to be very consistent. It kicks in fast and lasts almost a solid 7 hours. Whether you choose Modalert or Modvigil, I’d suggest with keeping with either one or the other and not mixing the two.

What to Look Out for When Buying Modafinil

Buying Modafinil (off-label) that doesn’t work, is the last thing you want after spending your time and money. Following the tremendous popularity of Modafinil, an influx of new providers have emerged. Some good, some not so good. This has meant, there are providers out there which sell poor quality and fake supplements. Meaning it can be difficult to find a quality provider. So, to help you avoid making costly mistakes, here are some things to look out for to help ensure you get the best quality Modafinil first time and every time. And, to help ensure you are getting a good quality product at a fair price.


Producing poor quality and fake Modafinil tablets to sell at a premium or at a cheaper price is a tactic some manufacturers use to make easy money. Unfortunately, fakes can be as accessible and look just as real as any good product. This makes it difficult for customers to tell what is real and what is fake. As a result, cases have been reported whereby manufacturers have been known to fake the medication. For legal reasons, I cannot name any names, however, here are some tips for avoiding fakes.
  • Counterfeit medicine often means one of two things; (1) it’s made of the wrong or no active ingredients or, (2) the right active ingredients have been used but, with the wrong doses. In either scenario, this often makes it very difficult to spot whether or not the Modafinil you are buying is real or fake.
  • Fakes can also be connected to what’s known as a “bad batch.” One way of identifying whether you have bought from a bad batch is simply by, the size of the tablets. If you notice that the tablets are relatively smaller than they should be, it’s likely it’s made from a bad batch and, therefore, regarded as fake.

Cheap Deals

Good quality Modafinil, for 50 tablets, will normally work out to be $1.50-$1.80 (USD) per 200mg.
Cheap or heavily discounted units of Modafinil should always be something to be wary about. If the Modafinil tablets you are looking to buy are rather cheap, check the manufacturer behind who’s producing it. If possible, find out if they are following strict pharmaceutical methods to produce it. Good quality Modafinil, for 50 tablets, will normally work out to be $1.50-$1.80 (USD) per 200mg. Anything that works out to be less than $1.05 per 200mg could be fake or of poor quality. This doesn’t mean to say that the more expensive it is—that it’s automatically guaranteed to be real. Not all higher priced Modafinil will equal higher quality Modafinil. So, while there are a number of things to look out for when buying, always seek to be well informed about what exactly you are buying and, from whom you are buying from.

Bad Brands

A good way to identify a trustworthy brand is whether they are certified and qualified to practice pharmacy. In an industry that is under constant and rapid change, brands which show up-to-date industry-recognized certifications are likely good brands to deal with. It’s also worth taking the time to find out things like:
  • What quality control processes do they have?
  • Do they have a CoA (Certificate of Authenticity)?
  • What is their customer service like?
  • Do they offer refunds?
  • How long have they been in business?
  • Where do they operate from
  • Are they a well recognized and recommended provider by other Modafinil users?

Recommended Dosages

When starting out with Modafinil, the recommended dosage is to be at least 50 mg per day. As Modafinil tablets are generally 200 mg each, simply start out with a tablet quarter for the first few days. This is in order to achieve best results and to avoid any shock to your system. Provided there are no negative side effects, the dosage can then be gradually increased over a period of time. Take it at least an hour before the time you actually need it. For instance, before a study period or engaging in cognitively demanding tasks.

This is so you can take full advantage of the effects. The safest maximum daily dose is generally 400 mg (2 tablets) per day. If you find yourself needing more than 400 mg per day/24 hours you may be developing a tolerance. At this point, consider taking a break from using Modafinil for at least 2 weeks before taking it again. Then, when resuming, start with a lower dosage such as 100 mg per day and gradually work your way up from there.

Dosage Guide

It is worth noting that larger intakes, such as 400 mg and above per day, don't necessarily lead to significantly greater effects. Instead, increased dosages tend to lead to the point of diminishing returns. Meaning only so much can be taken to achieve maximum effect. Clinical trials of higher level dosages, for example, have indicated that the results provided at the 400 mg dosage are not markedly improved as compared to a 200 mg dose. The studies also suggest that Modafinil is safer for prolonged periods if taken at moderate daily doses of 100-200 mg. While the effects of taking 400 mg and above per day may last a few hours longer, long-term, it could be harmful to your health. Feel free to use the table below as a guide only.

Dosage (mg) Daily (24 hours) Effects (approx)
Option-1 100 mg 1 time 2 - 4 hours
Option-2 100 mg 2 times 3 - 6 hours
Option-3 100 mg 3 times 4 - 8 hours
Option-4 100 mg 4 times 5 - 10 hours

Top 3 Stacks Containing Modafinil

Modafinil and Noopept Stack

Noopept on its own is well known to provide users with improved cognitive functioning, memory, and enhance mood. It is also known to be 1,000 times more potent than Piracetam—the original nootropic. By combining Modafinil and Noopept, they potentiate each other's effectiveness to further improve mental clarity and focus, enhance creativity, and boost motivation and productivity.

Recommended daily dosage
  • 200 mg of Modafinil spread out over two intervals per day. E.g. first dosage of 100 mg, then second dosage of 100 mg 3-4 hours later.
  • 60 mg of Noopept spread out over two intervals per day. E.g. first dosage of 30 mg, then second dosage of 30 mg 3-4 hours later.
More on Noopept

Modafinil, Noopept, and Choline Stack

This stack simply adds Choline to the Modafinil and Noopept stack. Choline is an essential macronutrient that plays an important part in maintaining health. It provides health benefits including improved liver functioning, supporting healthy brain development, and promoting a healthy metabolism. Adding Choline helps to boost and maintain the effectiveness of Modafinil and Noopept when combined. Alpha-GPC Choline from Double Wood Supplements have a very good track record of producing quality Choline at a good price.

Recommended daily dosage
  • 200 mg of Modafinil spread out over two intervals per day. E.g. first dosage of 100 mg, then second dosage of 100 mg 3-4 hours later.
  • 60 mg of Noopept spread out over two intervals per day. E.g. first dosage of 30 mg, then second dosage of 30 mg 3-4 hours later..
  • 600 mg of Alpha GPC Choline spread out over two intervals per day. E.g first dosage of 300 mg, then second dosage of 300 mg 3-4 hours later.
More on Noopept | More on Alpha GPC Choline

Modafinil, Aniracetam Stack, and Choline Stack

Aniracetam is a widely popular multi-faceted nootropic. Often referred to as a champion of sorts from the group of Racetams. It is perhaps best known for its extreme effectiveness at providing relatively quick and short-term boosts to enhance both mental functioning and mood. Stacking Modafinil with Aniracetam can, therefore, give both the quick and lengthy boost users are looking for. To further enhance the effects of stacking the two, try adding Choline. For some users, adding Choline has helped to further boost the effectiveness.

Recommended daily dosage
  • 200 mg of Modafinil spread out over two intervals per day. E.g. first dosage of 100 mg, then second dosage of 100 mg 3-4 hours later.
  • 1,500 mg of Aniracetam spread out over two intervals per day. E.g. first dosage of 750 mg, then second dosage of 750 mg 3-4 hours later.
  • 600 mg of Alpha GPC Choline spread out over two intervals per day. E.g first dosage of 300 mg, then second dosage of 300 mg 3-4 hours later.
More on Aniracetam | More on Alpha GPC Choline

The Potential Side Effects of Modafinil

Use of Modafinil is generally considered a safe and well-tolerated agent at a moderate dosage level. In fact, researchers have found that Modafinil can boost higher-order cognitive function without causing serious side effects. However, as a very powerful substance, it’s important to be aware it may come with potentially negative side effects. Causes which could affect proper functioning of the mind and body. As with any drug, results will vary from person to person. Meaning, some may experience severe side effects while others will experience none. Therefore, any users feeling adverse side effects, should seek advice from their medical practitioner. Regardless of the severity level of the side effects and especially if symptoms persist or worsen. Listed below are some of the potential side effects reported from using Modafinil. While there is, of course, the possibility other side effects may occur—it’s important to note this is not a complete list.
  • Dry mouth
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Indigestion
  • Diarrhea
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Nervousness
  • Backache
If you experience any of the above reactions or related side effects, it is strongly advised to consult your doctor. If symptoms persist consider speaking to your doctor about a medical examination especially if you feel you are having other reactions. Medical examinations could help to uncover other adverse side effects such as: Hepatitis, inflammation of heart tissue, decreased platelets in the blood or a drop in the count of red blood cells, and abnormal liver function.

When Not to Take Modafinil

Before taking Modafinil, it is important to be well aware of what it contains. This is to ensure, first and foremost, that you are not allergic to any of its ingredients. While it may be prescribed for purposes other than those listed in the Medication Guide, there are a number of instances where Modafinil is not recommended to be taken. These include:
  • Modafinil should never be used for a condition it is not prescribed for.
  • It should not be shared among individuals with the same condition. Not only is this against the law, but it could also become extremely harmful to everyone involved.
  • It should also not be used by pediatric patients aged 17 and below as it could have very adverse effects on the patient’s health.
Other situations that may limit you from using Modafinil, without direction from your doctor, may include the following.
  • A history of mental health problems such as psychosis.
  • Heart problems or a recent heart attack.
  • High blood pressure cases.
  • Kidney problems.
  • A history of alcoholism, or drug abuse, or any kind of addiction.
  • During pregnancy and when breastfeeding.
Users should also avoid taking Modafinil while using other drugs as mixing could affect the action of certain drugs. This means, if taken with other medicines, the chemical mix could potentially be harmful. For instance, mixing with hormonal birth control methods such as IUDs, patches, implants, shots, and pills may prevent these medications from working. If you are unsure about mixing Modafinil with your medications, get advice from your doctor who can guide you on the right use.

Who Uses Modafinil?

In the context of off-label, it is practically used by anyone wanting (or needing) to biohack/neurohack their mind and body to achieve greater results. Some of these groups of people include the military, students, athletes, and professionals.


Photo by Simon Fitall | Unsplash.

Off-label use of Modafinil is famously used by the military to keep soldiers, pilots, and crew members awake and alert during long aviation operations. As a matter of fact, according to the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, American and British soldiers reported taking Modafinil to sustain wakefulness for a whopping 40 hours at a time. Similarly, Air Force pilots have reported taking Modafinil to stay alert during long operations and patrol flights. Studies show Modafinil is a good alternative to the stimulant Dextroamphetamine commonly referred to as “Dexies.” A central nervous system (CNS) stimulant used to treat ADHD. Reports suggest the Military use Modafinil as it is well tolerated and helps pilots to maintain “acceptable levels of mood during sleep deprivation.”


Photo by Eric Ward | Unsplash.

Student users of Modafinil may be one of the fastest growing markets of the smart drug today. Numerous reports and anecdotes highlight a number of reasons why students take Modafinil. The most obvious of which is credited, in large part, for its ability to quickly and effectively enhance cognitive functioning. Student users of Modafinil, for example, have reported experiencing higher levels of concentration, longer periods of sustained focus, and improved clarity of thinking.

Students refer to it as the “edge” and describes it as an “unfair advantage” as it enables them to learn more in less time. It should, therefore, come as no surprise that the off-label use of Modafinil is becoming increasingly popular with students. Word on Modafinil in schools appears to be spreading quickly. More and more students in the US and the UK for instance, where Modafinil is becoming increasingly accessible, have reported to take it during long study sessions and prior to taking an exam.


Photo by Ludo Sawicki | Unsplash.

For high-performing athletes, especially for those who compete at a professional level, use of Modafinil has become very popular. One of the major benefits reported by athletes has been to use Modafinil as a performance enhancer during endurance training. According to a research study published by the Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Modafinil increases physical endurance. The study aimed to investigate the effect of acute ingestion of Modafinil (M) on time to exhaustion during high-intensity exercise. As the results showed, “Acute ingestion of Modafinil prolonged exercise time to exhaustion by 85% VO2max. Plus, it significantly reduced ratings of perceived exertion (RPE).” Simply put, this means Modafinil use prior to endurance training enabled the athletes to significantly increase their physical endurance. As a result, increasing their ability to train for an extended period of time while also effectively reducing fatigue.

The debate regarding Modafinil use during competition has, however, been a hotly contested topic over recent years. Given its ability to greatly improve an athletes performance, it has raised concerns about its use in a competitive context. Effective as of the 1st of January 2018. According to the 2018 World Anti-Doping Agency international standard Prohibited List, the use of Modafinil is prohibited “in-competition.”


Photo by Dane Deaner | Unsplash.

Similar to what makes Modafinil popular with students, is what makes Modafinil popular with professionals. And when I say “professionals”, I’m referring to virtually anyone qualified to undertake a profession. For instance, a knowledge worker to a working professional. Be it an executive, a lawyer, a doctor, a chef, a programmer, an engineer, a DJ etc. It is Modafinil’s ability to greatly improve people’s mental functioning for long periods of time to better handle and process cognitively demanding tasks that make it so useful and popular with many types of professionals. This could explain how business people are able to produce and deliver excellent results over extended periods of time. Below are some of the key benefits reported by professionals.

  • Fluid intelligence
  • Working memory
  • Episodic and Spatial memory
  • Executive functioning
  • Pattern recognition
  • Problem-solving

See also: Best Nootropics for Mind, Memory, Motivation and More.

Wrapping up

By comparison to other cognitive boosting stimulants, Modafinil packs a punch. Its ability to boost mental and physical functioning for long periods of time, combined with relatively low side effects makes it one of the most popular, intriguing, and widely discussed smart drugs on the market. What also makes Modafinil so appealing, is that it is generally regarded as safe and well tolerated with a relatively low potential for addiction. Furthermore, it is known to come without the paranoia, jitteriness, irritability and the eventual ‘sleep-debt crash’ that occurs with amphetamines.

While the effects and benefits of Modafinil are great, there is an important thing all users must note. Which is simply, although it enhances wakefulness, it cannot and should not fully substitute sleep for the long-term. It can be taken to keep users awake through regular sleep periods short-term without incurring sleep debt. Cognitive function and good health are inarguably dependent on adequate sleep. Which is why it is absolutely essential to have the recommended 7-8 hours of sleep every night. Therefore, to get the most out of taking Modafinil, ensure you are getting an adequate amount of sleep every day. Users, for example, have reported achieving “perfect cognitive boosts” and “reaching optimal mental focus” when taking Modafinil after a good night's sleep.

Start Slow

Finally, keep in mind that the effects will vary from person-to-person. Everyone will have a different response and reaction. Some may experience side effects while others will have none. So, if unsure as to how it may affect you, do your research, consult your doctor, and keep to the recommended dosages. If Modafinil doesn’t work out for you, know there are other alternatives out there like Noopept and Aniracetam. Take it slow and always put your health first. It’s no silver bullet for obtaining perfect intelligence or physical strength. Although, the formula and technology behind Modafinil is a step into the future of gaining higher levels of performance. I’ve come across users who hail it as a “modern miracle that could change your life completely.” Though I wouldn’t go that far, I would say Modafinil is a game changer.